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Diagnosing Diabetes

It is not only diabetes that is the issue but conditions that cause elevated Blood Sugar.  This may include Prediabetes or Metabolic Syndrome, Type 1 Diabetes, Type 2 Diabetes or Gestational Diabetes

A number of Tests can be used to diagnose or confirm the diagnosis of Diabetes

A1c Test – The A1c test also called glycosylated hemoglobin measures your average blood sugar over the last 2-3 months.

An A1c < 5.7% is considered normal. This is the normal range

An A1c between 5.6% – 6.4% is suggestive of Prediabetes or Metabolic Syndrome or Insulin Resistance

An A1c > 6.4% indicates that you have diabetes

FASTING BLOOD GLUCOSE – The gold standard in diagnosing impairment in your sugar metabolism is to get a FASTING blood sugar which is part of our Basic Metabolic Profile

A Fasting Blood Glucose < 99 mg/dL is normal

A Fasting Blood Glucose between 100-135 mg/dL is suggestive of Prediabetes or Metabolic Syndrome or Insulin Resistance

A Fasting Blood Glucose > 126 mg/dL or greater is indicative of diabetes

 

Applied InGENuity Diagnostics