Comprehensive Basic Metabolic Profile (BMP) Testing Services – Accurate & Quick Lab Results


Elevate your health management with our Basic Metabolic Profile (BMP) testing. Our advanced lab services provide crucial insights into key metabolic markers, ensuring accurate and timely assessment of your body’s essential functions for maintaining overall well-being. This panel checks many different body functions and can give information about kidney function, electrolyte balance, blood sugar levels, and metabolism.¹ A BMP is a good place to start when looking for basic information about your health.

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Experience comprehensive health monitoring with our Basic Metabolic Profile (BMP) Test, offered by our advanced laboratory services. This test is a critical tool in assessing key metabolic functions, providing essential data for informed healthcare decisions.

Alternative Names

  • BMP Lab Analysis
  • Basic Metabolism Panel
  • Essential Metabolic Test
  • Standard Metabolic Profile

Who Should Get Tested

The BMP test is recommended for:

  • Individuals seeking a general health check-up.
  • Patients with symptoms of kidney disorders, diabetes, or hypertension.
  • Those undergoing routine health screenings.
  • Anyone managing chronic conditions requiring regular monitoring.

Advantages of the Test

  • Comprehensive Analysis: Evaluates essential metabolic parameters, including electrolytes, kidney function, and blood sugar levels.
  • Early Detection: Aids in the early identification of potential health issues.
  • Health Management: Provides valuable insights for managing chronic conditions.
  • Efficient and Reliable: Quick turnaround with accurate and dependable results.

LOINC and CPT Codes

  • LOINC Codes:
    • Glucose: [Specific LOINC Code]
    • Electrolytes: [Specific LOINC Code]
    • Kidney Function Tests: [Specific LOINC Code]
  • CPT Codes:
    • BMP Test: [Specific CPT Code]

Sample Type

  • Blood sample
  • 1 mL serum collected in SST

Turnaround time

  • Note: Result turnaround times are only an estimate and may be subject to change.
  • Test turnaround time for the BMP is typically 1-2 business days.

Patient Preparation

  • This panel requires fasting (no food or drink, only water) for 8-12 hours before your appointment if you want a fasting glucose

What Information is Typically Included in a Test Report for BMP?

  • Glucose, a type of sugar and your body’s main source of energy.
  • Calcium, one of the body’s most important minerals. Calcium is essential for proper functioning of your nerves, muscles, and heart.
  • Sodiumpotassiumcarbon dioxide, and chloride. These are electrolytes, electrically charged minerals that help control the amount of fluids and the balance of acids and bases in your body.
  • BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine, waste products removed from your blood by your kidneys.¹

What is the significance of BUN and creatinine measurements on the test report?
The test report includes measurements of BUN (blood urea nitrogen) and creatinine. These measurements are waste products removed from your blood by your kidneys. BUN and creatinine levels can provide insights into how well your kidneys are functioning and can help diagnose conditions related to kidney health.

What information is provided about glucose on the test report?
The test report will include information about glucose, which is a type of sugar and the main source of energy for your body. The report may display the glucose level, units of measure, and the reference range for this measurement. This information helps assess the functioning of your body’s energy metabolism.

Is there a universal reference range for the BMP?
No, there is no universal reference range for the BMP. The reference range can vary depending on the laboratory that analyzed your blood sample. Different methods may be used for some measurements, leading to different reference ranges. It is important to consider the specific reference range provided by the laboratory that conducted the analysis.

Why is it important to look closely at the reference range listed on the test report?
It is essential to examine the reference range listed on the test report because this range can change for some tests based on the laboratory that analyzed your blood sample. Different methods can be used for some of the measurements, so there is no universal reference range for the BMP. By paying close attention to the reference range, you can accurately interpret your test results within the appropriate context.

What does each line item on the test report show?
Each line item on the test report displays the individual levels, units of measure, and reference range for each measurement included in the BMP. This provides a comprehensive overview of the specific measurements and their corresponding values.



Q1: What does the BMP test measure? A1: The BMP test measures glucose levels, electrolyte and fluid balance, and kidney function.

Q2: How often should I get a BMP test? A2: Frequency depends on individual health conditions; consult with your healthcare provider for personalized advice.

Q3: Is fasting required for this test? A3: Yes, fasting for 8-12 hours is typically recommended for accurate results.

Q4: How do I interpret my BMP test results? A4: It’s best to discuss your results with a healthcare professional for accurate interpretation and advice.

Q5: Can I use this test to monitor diabetes? A5: Yes, the glucose level measurement in BMP is useful in diabetes management.

Q6: How is the BMP different from the comprehensive metabolic panel (CMP)?

The BMP (basic metabolic panel) and the CMP (comprehensive metabolic panel) are both blood tests used to assess various components in the body. However, there are significant differences between the two.

Firstly, the number of measurements included in each panel varies. The BMP typically consists of eight measurements, while the CMP includes a total of 14 components. In both panels, you can expect to find measurements for glucose, calcium, sodium, potassium, bicarbonate, chloride, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and creatinine.

In addition to the measurements found in the BMP, the CMP incorporates additional tests typically used in a liver panel. These additional tests are albumin, total protein, alkaline phosphatase (ALP), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and bilirubin. These liver panel tests provide valuable information about the liver function, aiding in the diagnosis and monitoring of liver diseases and conditions.

In summary, while both the BMP and CMP are blood tests used to assess various components in the body, the CMP offers a more comprehensive analysis by including additional measurements that specifically evaluate liver function and health.

Q7: What questions can be asked to the doctor regarding abnormal results on a BMP?

When discussing abnormal results on a BMP (Basic Metabolic Panel) with your doctor, it may be helpful to ask the following questions:

1. Can you explain the specific abnormal results from my BMP? Which level(s) were affected, and to what extent were they abnormal?

2. What do these abnormal results indicate? What is the most likely cause or condition associated with these findings?

3. Are there any further tests or investigations that you recommend to gain more clarity on the situation? If so, what are the benefits and potential drawbacks of these additional tests?

4. Should I be concerned about these abnormal results? Are there any immediate steps or treatments that need to be taken?

5. How frequently should I follow up with you or other healthcare professionals to monitor these abnormal results? Is it advisable to repeat the BMP in the future to track any changes or progress?

Remember, these questions aim to provide a deeper understanding of your situation, help you make informed decisions about your health, and ensure effective communication with your doctor.

Q8: What types of follow-up testing may be necessary for abnormal results on a BMP? 

When an abnormal result is observed on a basic metabolic panel (BMP) test, there are various types of follow-up testing that may be necessary. The specific follow-up required will depend on both the individual’s test results and their overall health condition. In certain cases, it may be recommended to repeat the BMP test to monitor whether the abnormal levels normalize over time. This can help in assessing if the initial result was a temporary anomaly or an ongoing concern.

On the other hand, in more complex situations, additional laboratory tests or imaging tests might be necessary to assist in diagnosing the underlying cause of the abnormal result. These tests can provide further insight into specific aspects of an individual’s metabolic function and help identify any potential abnormalities or imbalances that could be contributing to the abnormal result. The choice of follow-up tests will be guided by the details of the patient’s condition and the specific markers that showed abnormalities on the BMP.

In summary, follow-up testing for abnormal BMP results can vary depending on the individual. It may involve repeat BMP tests to monitor changes over time or the use of other laboratory or imaging tests to delve deeper into the potential causes of the abnormal result. The goal of these additional tests is to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the individual’s health situation and aid in determining appropriate treatment or further investigation.

Q9: How does the interpretation of test results go beyond just noting whether they are normal or abnormal?  

The interpretation of test results extends beyond simply categorizing them as normal or abnormal. Healthcare providers evaluate the extent to which the results deviate from the reference range, taking into account your overall health, medical history, and potential patterns that may indicate the probable cause. The goal is to not only identify the test result status but also understand the context surrounding it. This comprehensive analysis allows healthcare providers to determine if further testing or medical interventions are necessary.

  1. “Basic Metabolic Panel (BMP): MedlinePlus Medical Test.” MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, 9 Mar. 2021,

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