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What is Cocaine?

Cocaine is a highly addictive drug that ups your levels of alertness, attention, and energy. You may hear it called a stimulant. It’s made from the coca plant, which is native to South America. It’s illegal in the U.S. Other names for it include:

Generic Name Street Name
Cocaine Coke, Snow, Rock, Blow, Crack
You will find it in a few different forms. The most common is a fine, white powder. It can also be made into a solid rock crystal.Most cocaine users snort the white powder into their nose. Some rub it onto their gums or dissolve it in water and inject it with a needle. Others heat up the rock crystal and breathe the smoke into their lungs.

What are The Effects of Cocaine?

Short-Term Effects

  • Extreme sensitivity to touch, sound, and sight
  • Intense happiness
  • Anger/irritability
  • Paranoia
  • Decreased appetite

Long-Term Effects

  • Headaches
  • Convulsions and seizures
  • Heart disease, heart attack, and stroke
  • Mood problems
  • Sexual trouble
  • Lung damage
  • HIV or hepatitis if you inject it
  • Bowel decay if you swallow it
  • Loss of smell, nosebleeds, runny nose, and trouble swallowing, if you snort it

Do You Know Someone Struggling with Drugs?

SAMHSA’s National Helpline, 1-800-662-HELP (4357), (also known as the Treatment Referral Routing Service) or TTY: 1-800-487-4889 is a confidential, free, 24-hour-a-day, 365-day-a-year, information service, in English and Spanish, for individuals and family members facing mental and/or substance use disorders. This service provides referrals to local treatment facilities, support groups, and community-based organizations. Callers can also order free publications and other information.

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